The oxidative stress in breast tumors of postmenopausal women is ERα/ERβ Ratio dependent

Show simple item record Sastre-Serra, J. Nadal-Serrano, M. Pons, D.G. Valle, A. Garau, I. García-Bonafé, M. Oliver, J. Roca, P. 2024-02-06T09:32:20Z
dc.description.abstract Estrogen receptor status is a diagnostic parameter in breast cancer treatment. Estrogen receptor presence is related to a better prognosis because the principal treatments attacking breast cancer tumors have their action site directed at the estrogen receptor. However, the two different subtypes of estrogen receptor, ERα and ERβ, have different functions. In this work an alternative point of view focusing on oxidative stress is shown, given that estrogen receptors regulate several proteins related to this oxidative stress, such as antioxidant enzymes, sirtuins, and uncoupling proteins. Postmenopausal human breast tumors with different ERα/ERβ ratios were analyzed to characterize the amount of oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, and proliferation-related and oxidative stress-activated signaling pathways. Results showed that tumors with a low ERα/ERβ ratio have greater oxidative damage and higher antioxidant enzyme protein levels, as well as uncoupling protein (UCP) and sirtuin 3 (SIRT3), and have high studied signaling pathway activation. Glutathione peroxidase, Complex V, Complex III, Complex II, Complex IV, AKT, SAPK, and ERα were significantly and positively correlated with ERα/ERβ ratio. However, carbonyl groups, catalase, CuZn-superoxide dismutase, UCP5, SIRT3, and ERβ were significantly and negatively correlated with ERα/ERβ ratio. From the independent variables included in the step-by-step stepwise multiple linear regression analysis, only the ERα/ERβ ratio was independently associated with carbonyl groups. Surprisingly, these low ERα/ERβ ratio tumors have poor prognosis for the patient, and these results and those of other authors suggest that these tumors are adapted to conditions of increased oxidative stress.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.relation.isformatof Versió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartof Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 2013, vol. 61, p. 11-17
dc.subject.classification 57 - Biologia
dc.subject.classification Ciències de la salut
dc.subject.other 57 - Biological sciences in general
dc.subject.other Medical sciences
dc.title The oxidative stress in breast tumors of postmenopausal women is ERα/ERβ Ratio dependent
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion 2024-02-06T09:32:22Z info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2100-01-01
dc.embargo 2100-01-01
dc.subject.keywords oxidative stress
dc.subject.keywords breast cancer
dc.subject.keywords ERalpha/ERbeta ratio
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess

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