Infants' performance in the indirect false belief tasks: A second-person interpretation

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dc.contributor.author Barone, Pamela
dc.contributor.author Gomila, Antoni
dc.date.accessioned 2024-01-30T11:28:22Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11201/164342
dc.description.abstract Research in the last 15 years has challenged the idea that false belief attributiondevelops at 4 years of age. Studies with indirect false belief tasks contend to provideevidence of false belief attribution in the second year of life. We review the literatureon indirect false belief tasks carried out in infants using looking and active helpingparadigms. Although the results are heterogeneous and not conclusive, such tasksappear to capture a real effect. However, it is misleading to call them'false belief'tasks, as it is possible to pass them without making any false belief attribution.Infants need to keep track of the object's and agent's positions, trajectories, andfocus of attention, given an intentional understanding of the agent, to pass thesenew tasks. We, therefore, argue that the evidence can be better explained in termsof second-person attributions, which are transparent, extensional, nonpropositional,reciprocally contingent, and implicit. Second-person attributions can also accountfor primates' mentalizing abilities, as revealed by similar indirect tasks.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.relation.isformatof https://doi.org/10.1002/wcs.1551
dc.relation.ispartof Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews-Cognitive Science, 2021, vol. 12, num. 3
dc.rights , 2021
dc.subject.classification 159.9 - Psicologia
dc.subject.other 159.9 - Psychology
dc.title Infants' performance in the indirect false belief tasks: A second-person interpretation
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated 2024-01-30T11:28:22Z
dc.date.embargoEndDate info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2100-01-01
dc.embargo 2100-01-01
dc.rights.accessRights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1002/wcs.1551


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